In a function held on May 19, 2016 at Rashtrapati Bhavan to inaugurate an intelligent operations centre (IOC) and launch a mobile app ‘monitor’ for a smart President’s Estate, the Hon’ble President of India had declared the President’s Estate a smart township. On the occasion, he also announced that: "I see the Smart President’s Estate as a replicable model which can be adopted in other parts of the country through citizens’ engagement, public and private sector participation and deployment of intensive technologies. In this context, I would like to mention that we are in the process of replicating our Rashtrapati Bhavan experience of Smart Township by applying and transferring our knowledge and expertise to five villages in an adjoining state. To convert these five villages into model smart villages by following a convergence model, we will facilitate the establishment of linkages between expert bodies, administrative agencies and relevant state/ district level organizations for finding unique solutions to the varied problems at the village level”.
After a round of informal discussions with various stakeholders including the senior officials of Haryana government, a concept paper was developed. Thereafter, the approval of the Hon’ble President of India for a pilot project for the conversion of a few selected villages in the adjoining districts of NCR into smart model villages, utilizing the knowledge and expertise gained by the Rashtrapati Bhavan in transforming the President’s Estate into a smart model township, was obtained. After this, a dialogue was initiated with the senior functionaries of the central and state government and the concept paper was shared with them.
Discussions were also held with various important agencies that were already engaged/ associated with the conversion of Rashtrapati Bhavan into smart model township. Discussions revolved around the participation of these organizations in the effort and their likely areas of active cooperation.
The Government of Haryana, in consultation with the concerned Deputy Commissioners, selected the following five villages for the smart model village pilot project:
|No.||Name of village||Name of block||Name of district|
In the meantime, a reply was received from CEO, NITI Aayog, enclosing a concept note on developing model smart villages. NITI Aayog gave a definition of a model smart village and also provided details of various central government schemes which could probably be used through convergence in developing model smart villages. In consultation with NITI Aayog, a Model Smart Village was defined as a village where,
Thus, a Model Smart Village would have the physical and social infrastructure, a layer of smart information and communication technologies embedded in the infrastructure to improve governance and delivery of services, employment and economic opportunities and a clean and sustainable environment.
To develop a few Model Smart Villages, a pilot project based on a convergence model is being undertaken, where funds available under various relevant central government schemes will be optimally utilized. The expertise available with Rashtrapati Bhawan officials based on their experience in development of township can be used to stitch such convergence for the development of these villages. A list of various Central Government schemes that can be utilized to develop these Model Smart Villages is given below:
(2016-17 BE in Rs Crore)
|Category||Smart Village Component||Possible Funding From Central Government Schemes||2016-17 BE|
|Water||National Rural Drinking Water Programme||5000|
|Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) (Umbrella Scheme), components are given below:|
|Her Khetko Phani||500|
|Per Drop More Crop||2340|
|AIBP and other schemes under PMKSY in water resource Ministry||1377.13|
|Intergrated Watershed Management Programme||1500|
|Electricity||Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana||3000|
|Unnat Jyoti by afforadable LEDs for all (UJALA)|
|Sanitation & Solid waste management||Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)||9000|
|Internal mobility (non-polluting & eco-friendly )||New Technologies Programme under MNRE||NA|
|Accommodation||Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Rural)||15000|
|E-governance||Digital India Programme||1285.1|
|IT connectivity & digitization||Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)||800|
|Restoration, conservation & preservation of heritage structures||Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme||3950|
|Protection of flora and fauna||National Mission for a Green India||155.01|
|Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (including Project Tiger and Project Elephant)||500|
|Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems||100.01|
|Health & Education||National Rural Health Mission||19037*|
|Human Resource in Health and Medical Education||600|
|Rashtriya Swastha Suraksha Yojana (RSSY)||1500|
|National Education Mission (Umbrella)|
|Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan||22500|
|Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan||3700|
|Teachers Training and Adult Education||510|
|Rashtriya Uchch Shiksha Abhiyan||1300|
|National Programme of Midday Meals in School||9700|
|Generating Employment||Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act||38500|
|National Rural Livelihood Mission-Aajeevika||3000|
|Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana||1770.83|
|Start Up India||NA|
|Stand Up India||NA|
|Self-Employment & Talent Utilization||NA|
|Safety, security and care of residents (esp. women, children & elderly)||Integrated Child Development Scheme (Core ICDS)||14000|
|National Nutrition Mission||862|
|Maternity Benefits Programme (IGMSY)||400|
|Scheme for Adolescent Girls SABLA, KSY||460|
|Integrated Child Protection Scheme||397|
|National Social Assistance Programme||9500|
|Promoting Indian culture||Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat||NA|
|E.||Connectivity||Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana||19000|
|*Includes allocation for National Urban Health Mission also|
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission can also be used to fund various components of Model Smart Villages except those pertaining to preserving Heritage. The objective of Shyama Prasad Rurban Mission being operated by Ministry of Rural Development is to create smart Rurban clusters. A ‘Rurban cluster’, is a cluster of geographically contiguous villages with a population of about 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas and with a population of 5,000 to 15,000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas. As far as practicable, clusters of villages would follow administrative convergence units of Gram Panchayats and shall be within a single block/ tehsil for administrative convenience. The scheme also proposes for mobilization of funds through convergence of various Central Sector, Centrally Sponsored and State Schemes. The Mission shall provide Critical Gap Funding (CGF) to the Project to supplement the funds mobilized through convergence of various schemes. Gap funding can also be obtained through the MPLAD and MLALAD funds.
By providing basic physical and social infrastructure, improved governance and smart solutions through ICT, skilling and employment opportunities and safe and sustainable environment in a village, we can create an eco-system which would drive a virtuous cycle of economic and social growth and also improve the overall living conditions and happiness in the village. Interventions like providing electricity can improve school education, enable children to study for longer hours in night at home and would also help self-employed people to pursue their employment during evening hours. Improvement of schools in terms of physical infrastructure, academic staff and digital literacy through a collaborative effort with suitable agencies can bring more children to the classrooms. Skill development of the local youth after identifying their existing skillset and demand for particular skill(s) from local industries can give rise to greater employment opportunities. Developing mini industrial areas and skill development centres can spur industrial development of the region. Interventions like providing piped drinking water in households would save the women from the drudgery of bringing water from far off sources and spend this saved time to look after their children, do other household work, etc. Digital connectivity with broadband can provide access to information related to education, employment opportunities and many other things. All these interventions can significantly improve the living conditions and drive economic and social development of the selected villages. Once developed as model smart villages, they can serve as exemplars or lighthouses for other villages across states to follow this course of development.
A meeting of officers/ representatives from Rashtrapati Bhavan, state/ district/ village level, and governmental and non-governmental agencies (stakeholders) was held at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on Jul 2, 2016. (Already on Jun 21, 2016, representatives from state/ district/ village level visited Rashtrapati Bhavan when they were shown all the facilities created and initiatives taken by this Presidency). The meeting on Jul 2 brought together all concerned on a single platform to ensure that everyone is clear about the objective and scope of the project, and their respective role in its execution. This meeting was followed by a formal launch of the project by the Hon’ble President of India in the presence of Hon’ble Union Rural Development Minister and Hon’ble Chief Minister of Haryana.
Thereafter, meetings were conducted in each of the five villages spread over two days, on Jul 3 and Jul 4, 2016. These meetings were attended by government officials, including officials from Rashtrapati Bhavan and state/ district/ village administration, and expert agencies (stakeholders). A camp office to ensure coordination and monitoring has been set up at Udyog Kunj, Village Alipur, as it is on the national highway.
Focus on initiatives under the health sector for these villages will be in the following areas:
Provision of 24/7 electricity supply in the villages is one of the priority areas under the Smartgram initiative. This is to enable the villages to take up economic activities requiring electricity and enable the students, youth to fulfill their dream in the field they aspire to be. The focus is also to reduce the carbon footprint by exploring non-conventional sources of energy like power through rooftop solar power system and energy from waste. The main areas will be as below:
Conventional Energy :
The initiatives under Education covers all age group i.e. Primary, Secondary, Higher Secondary and beyond. The intervention in education would be in the areas of improving infrastructure, enhancing quality of education and introducing online and Distance learning for contents that cannot be delivered in the schools/colleges in the village. Introducing vocational education in the secondary and higher secondary schools is also being done with the help of National Skill Development Corporation and Government of Haryana.
All the 5 villages have their school buildings however repair and reconstruction is being done where ever required. An additional room in all the schools which can accommodate about 40 students and equipment for training like computers, projectors etc. is being constructed. These facilities would be used for delivering training to the students/ teachers and other youth of the village by experts from various fields and organizations. In the village of Dhaula, the secondary school is being shifted to new location for which Grampanchayat has resolved to give land. The proposal is going to be sanctioned soon. The building proposed for the secondary school will be constructed from low cost and local material and will be self-sustainable with respect to sewage generation and disposal.
Quality of Education
Teachers in the schools are being trained by experts from various fields to improve the quality of teaching. They will be given exposure to new ways of teaching including introduction to technology in teaching.
Skill Development and Employment
To enhance the economic opportunities for the rural youth, it is imperative that skills relevant to the Industry be given to them. Rashtrapati Bhavan has partnered with National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Ministry of Skill Development (MSDE) for understanding the training needs of the villages and providing quality training focusing on employability to the Youth.
A door to door survey in all the 5 villages has been conducted to assess the status of skill availability, skill gap, aspiration of the youth and skill sets required in the local industry with the help of NSDC. Based on this input, NSDC has assigned training partners to conduct training under PMKVY-2 to the willing youth. A training center has been opened in Udyog Kunj, Alipur, as a central place where these trainings can be conducted. A 5 days training to the village functionaries have been imparted from 9-14th July, 2016. The first batch of training for the security guard will start in the 3rd week of September.
Companies like TCS have also volunteered to train willing youth in IT and related skills and give exposure of industry to them to enhance their employability in the Industry.
A Multi Skill Centre is being planned with the help of Ministry of Skill Development in one of the villages to accelerate the effort of in the field of skill development. For this purpose, the village of Dhaula has already come forward to donate land belonging to Grampanchayat.
The basic infrastructure in the village in the form of roads, electricity, water supply etc. is being strengthened with the help of government of Haryana and other partner Institutions.
Roads connecting the villages and the internal village roads have been shortlisted for strengthening and repair to provide smooth connectivity. Electricity:
Government of Haryana has sanctioned required funds for upgradation of network infrastructure of electricity distribution to enable 24X7 electricity in the villages and to minimize losses in distribution.
The Existing system of pipelines for water supply is being surveyed to suggest changes or replacement. The concept of Water ATM to provide affordable and safe drinking water to the villagers has been introduced. The work on it will start soon.
GRAMALAYA- the village secretariat
GRAMALAYA which would be a building on the lines of village secretariat with adequate space for various common needs of the village like, meeting space, bank, CSC etc has been planned with the use of low- cost and local technology. The construction of these buildings will start soon. All the villages have resolved to donate grampanchayat land for the purpose.
Sanitation has been one of the problem areas in Indian villages. Due to lack of systems of collection of waste and its disposal, the household as well as green waste can be seen lying in the villages. These dumps result breeding of pathogens leading to diseases. Also use of plastic has resulted in choaking of traditional water drainage systems and filling up of water bodies in the villages.
Drainage and Sewage System
Survey is being conducted to study the existing drainage and sewage system and design better and efficient system. Soon, the drainage and sewage systems will be reconstructed.
Collection and Disposal of waste
An innovative system of collection of household and green waste, its processing and disposal is being implemented in the villages. The waste will be processed to generate energy, compost and other useful by products.
The district administration, gram panchayat and other non-government organizations are actively engaged in working with the villagers to achieve the goal of declaring the 5 villages as Open Defecation Free Villages. The toilets are being constructed in the residences without toilets and people are being made aware about its benefits.
Rejuvenation of Rural economy cannot be achieved without making agriculture and related activities efficient, profitable and sustainable. NIFTEM, NDRI and KVK have come forward to adopt the 5 villages and take various initiatives in the field of agriculture and dairy development in these villages. A village development Plan has been prepared for all the villages by the team from NIFTEM outlining the current status and action plan for future. This includes:
Common service Centre
Common Service Centers have been opened in all the five villages with the help of CSC-SPV. The online platform being provided by CSC would offer services like, banking, Adhaar Registration, Application for various certificates from the District Administration etc. It would also provide opportunity to the Students for various online courses and contents and useful information. CSC works on financial model. It will provide services like Wi-Fi to the village at affordable cost, telemedicine etc to sustain and earn income through it. Dhaula has become the first village to have Wi-Fi in the entire village on 28th August.
Partner Departments/ Organizations
|S.No.||Name of the Department/Organisation|
|1.||Government of Haryana|
|2.||District Administration, Gurgaon|
|3.||District Administration, Mewat|
|4.||Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (DHBVN)|
|5.||Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gurgaon|
|7.||Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India|
|8.||Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India|
|9.||Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India|
|10.||National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)|
|11.||Rural Electrification Corporation|
|12.||3 R Management|
|13.||All India Institute of Medical Sciences|
|15.||Energy Efficient Service Limited|
|16.||Falcon Force Pvt. Ltd.|
|18.||Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar|
|22.||INA Energy Pvt. Ltd.|
|23.||Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO)|
|25.||Max Life Insurance|
|26.||National Building Construction Corporation|
|27.||National Dairy Research Institute|
|28.||National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM)|
|29.||National Skill Development Corporation|
|30.||Prashak Techno Enterprises|
|31.||School of Planning & Architecture, Delhi|
|32.||Step Ahead Foundation Security Training|
|33.||Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited|