स्मार्ट ग्राम इनिशिएटिव

Extending the Rashtrapati Bhavan Experience to selected villages in Haryana

In a function held on May 19, 2016 at Rashtrapati Bhavan to inaugurate an intelligent operations centre (IOC) and launch a mobile app ‘monitor’ for a smart President’s Estate, the Hon’ble President of India had declared the President’s Estate a smart township. On the occasion, he also announced that: "I see the Smart President’s Estate as a replicable model which can be adopted in other parts of the country through citizens’ engagement, public and private sector participation and deployment of intensive technologies. In this context, I would like to mention that we are in the process of replicating our Rashtrapati Bhavan experience of Smart Township by applying and transferring our knowledge and expertise to five villages in an adjoining state. To convert these five villages into model smart villages by following a convergence model, we will facilitate the establishment of linkages between expert bodies, administrative agencies and relevant state/ district level organizations for finding unique solutions to the varied problems at the village level”.

After a round of informal discussions with various stakeholders including the senior officials of Haryana government, a concept paper was developed. Thereafter, the approval of the Hon’ble President of India for a pilot project for the conversion of a few selected villages in the adjoining districts of NCR into smart model villages, utilizing the knowledge and expertise gained by the Rashtrapati Bhavan in transforming the President’s Estate into a smart model township, was obtained. After this, a dialogue was initiated with the senior functionaries of the central and state government and the concept paper was shared with them.

Discussions were also held with various important agencies that were already engaged/ associated with the conversion of Rashtrapati Bhavan into smart model township. Discussions revolved around the participation of these organizations in the effort and their likely areas of active cooperation.

The Government of Haryana, in consultation with the concerned Deputy Commissioners, selected the following five villages for the smart model village pilot project:

No. Name of village Name of block Name of district
1 Dhaula Sohna Gurgaon
2 Alipur Sohna Gurgaon
3 Harichandpur Sohna Gurgaon
4 Taj Nagar Farrukhnagar Gurgaon
5 Rojka Meo Nuh Mewat

In the meantime, a reply was received from CEO, NITI Aayog, enclosing a concept note on developing model smart villages. NITI Aayog gave a definition of a model smart village and also provided details of various central government schemes which could probably be used through convergence in developing model smart villages. In consultation with NITI Aayog, a Model Smart Village was defined as a village where,

Thus, a Model Smart Village would have the physical and social infrastructure, a layer of smart information and communication technologies embedded in the infrastructure to improve governance and delivery of services, employment and economic opportunities and a clean and sustainable environment.

  • Every household has access to basic amenities like water, electricity, sanitation & solid waste management, sustainability mobility, clean fuel for cooking and housing;
  • There is adequate social infrastructure in terms of health care centres, schools, recreation facilities and adequate safety & security and care of residents (especially, women, children and elderly);
  • There is improved governance & service delivery through use of E-governance, IT connectivity & digitization;
  • There is sufficient employment opportunities within or in nearby villages;
  • Flora & fauna are protected and natural resources are conserved; and
  • There is enhanced quality of life leading to harmony and happiness.

How to develop and fund Model Smart Villages

To develop a few Model Smart Villages, a pilot project based on a convergence model is being undertaken, where funds available under various relevant central government schemes will be optimally utilized. The expertise available with Rashtrapati Bhawan officials based on their experience in development of township can be used to stitch such convergence for the development of these villages. A list of various Central Government schemes that can be utilized to develop these Model Smart Villages is given below:

(2016-17 BE in Rs Crore)

Category Smart Village Component Possible Funding From Central Government Schemes 2016-17 BE
A. Infrastructure
Water National Rural Drinking Water Programme 5000
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) (Umbrella Scheme), components are given below:  
Her Khetko Phani 500
  Per Drop More Crop 2340
  AIBP and other schemes under PMKSY in water resource Ministry 1377.13
  Intergrated Watershed Management Programme 1500
Electricity Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana 3000
Unnat Jyoti by afforadable LEDs for all (UJALA)  
Sanitation & Solid waste management Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) 9000
Internal mobility (non-polluting & eco-friendly ) New Technologies Programme under MNRE NA
Accommodation Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Rural) 15000
B. Improving Governance    
E-governance Digital India Programme 1285.1
IT connectivity & digitization Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) 800
C. Preserving Heritage    
  Restoration, conservation & preservation of heritage structures Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme 3950
  Protection of flora and fauna National Mission for a Green India 155.01
  Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (including Project Tiger and Project Elephant) 500
  Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems 100.01
D. Promoting Wellness    
Health & Education National Rural Health Mission 19037*
Human Resource in Health and Medical Education 600
Ayush 400
Rashtriya Swastha Suraksha Yojana (RSSY) 1500
National Education Mission (Umbrella)  
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 22500
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan 3700
Teachers Training and Adult Education 510
Rashtriya Uchch Shiksha Abhiyan 1300
National Programme of Midday Meals in School 9700
Generating Employment Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 38500
National Rural Livelihood Mission-Aajeevika 3000
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 1770.83
Start Up India NA
Stand Up India NA
Self-Employment & Talent Utilization NA
Safety, security and care of residents (esp. women, children & elderly) Integrated Child Development Scheme (Core ICDS) 14000
National Nutrition Mission 862
Maternity Benefits Programme (IGMSY) 400
Scheme for Adolescent Girls SABLA, KSY 460
Integrated Child Protection Scheme 397
National Social Assistance Programme 9500
Promoting Indian culture Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat NA
E. Connectivity Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana 19000
  *Includes allocation for National Urban Health Mission also

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission can also be used to fund various components of Model Smart Villages except those pertaining to preserving Heritage. The objective of Shyama Prasad Rurban Mission being operated by Ministry of Rural Development is to create smart Rurban clusters. A ‘Rurban cluster’, is a cluster of geographically contiguous villages with a population of about 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas and with a population of 5,000 to 15,000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas. As far as practicable, clusters of villages would follow administrative convergence units of Gram Panchayats and shall be within a single block/ tehsil for administrative convenience. The scheme also proposes for mobilization of funds through convergence of various Central Sector, Centrally Sponsored and State Schemes. The Mission shall provide Critical Gap Funding (CGF) to the Project to supplement the funds mobilized through convergence of various schemes. Gap funding can also be obtained through the MPLAD and MLALAD funds.

By providing basic physical and social infrastructure, improved governance and smart solutions through ICT, skilling and employment opportunities and safe and sustainable environment in a village, we can create an eco-system which would drive a virtuous cycle of economic and social growth and also improve the overall living conditions and happiness in the village. Interventions like providing electricity can improve school education, enable children to study for longer hours in night at home and would also help self-employed people to pursue their employment during evening hours. Improvement of schools in terms of physical infrastructure, academic staff and digital literacy through a collaborative effort with suitable agencies can bring more children to the classrooms. Skill development of the local youth after identifying their existing skillset and demand for particular skill(s) from local industries can give rise to greater employment opportunities. Developing mini industrial areas and skill development centres can spur industrial development of the region. Interventions like providing piped drinking water in households would save the women from the drudgery of bringing water from far off sources and spend this saved time to look after their children, do other household work, etc. Digital connectivity with broadband can provide access to information related to education, employment opportunities and many other things. All these interventions can significantly improve the living conditions and drive economic and social development of the selected villages. Once developed as model smart villages, they can serve as exemplars or lighthouses for other villages across states to follow this course of development.

Next Steps

A meeting of officers/ representatives from Rashtrapati Bhavan, state/ district/ village level, and governmental and non-governmental agencies (stakeholders) was held at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on Jul 2, 2016. (Already on Jun 21, 2016, representatives from state/ district/ village level visited Rashtrapati Bhavan when they were shown all the facilities created and initiatives taken by this Presidency). The meeting on Jul 2 brought together all concerned on a single platform to ensure that everyone is clear about the objective and scope of the project, and their respective role in its execution. This meeting was followed by a formal launch of the project by the Hon’ble President of India in the presence of Hon’ble Union Rural Development Minister and Hon’ble Chief Minister of Haryana.

Thereafter, meetings were conducted in each of the five villages spread over two days, on Jul 3 and Jul 4, 2016. These meetings were attended by government officials, including officials from Rashtrapati Bhavan and state/ district/ village administration, and expert agencies (stakeholders). A camp office to ensure coordination and monitoring has been set up at Udyog Kunj, Village Alipur, as it is on the national highway.

Steps taken in the selected villages under different sectors

A. HEALTH

Health sector

Focus on initiatives under the health sector for these villages will be in the following areas:

  • Development of health infrastructure in the villages – the existing Public Health Centre (PHC) is being repaired and constructed wherever required with the help of funds from Government of Haryana, Local Self Government and CSR.
  • Providing adequate health-related manpower, trained para-medical primary health staff in these villages - requisite manpower for PHC is being provided by the Government of Haryana.
  • Voluntary organizations like Karma Clinic is setting up low cost clinics in the villages with trained paramedical staff and pharmacist providing basic health care and medicine in the village and trained and practicing doctors from the nearby cities like Gurgaon and Faridabad providing referral services. The connection between the village level clinic and the city doctor is through video/tele conferencing. The pathological facilities are also being provided at the village by tying up with nearest labs.
  • Connecting the villages with renowned hospitals through online platform of Common Service Centre. Most of the common ailments can be tackled by consultation by an experienced doctor without actually physically examining the patients. The online platform of CSC has provided opportunity in these villages of bringing consultancy services by best doctors and hospitals to the doorsteps of villagers. For ailments requiring physical examination will be referred to the hospital. This will save time, cost and harassment to the patients.
  • Training to the youth from villages in medical and para-medical courses to enable 24/7 health services in the villages is being done.
  • Training of selected youth from the villages in Ayurveda and other therapies at Ayush Wellness Clinic in the President’s Estate is also being done to increase awareness about Indian system of medicine in the villages and enhance wellness in the villages using these systems. The AYUSH doctors from Rashtrapati Bhavan would visit the villages at-least once a Month.
  • Jan Aushadi Kendra are also being opened in the villages for providing access to affordable medicine in the villages.

B. ENERGY

Provision of 24/7 electricity supply in the villages is one of the priority areas under the Smartgram initiative. This is to enable the villages to take up economic activities requiring electricity and enable the students, youth to fulfill their dream in the field they aspire to be. The focus is also to reduce the carbon footprint by exploring non-conventional sources of energy like power through rooftop solar power system and energy from waste. The main areas will be as below:

Conventional Energy :

  • The five villages have been sanctioned funds for providing 24X7 electricity by upgrading distribution network in the village and extending the urban feature to these villages. The funds for the purpose has been sanctioned by the government of Haryana and the work is being carried out by DHBVN, Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam. The work is likely to be completed in by November 2016.

Non-Conventional Energy:

  • The potential for rooftop solar power generation in the villages has been assessed for grid connected solar power panels to enable reduction in electricity bills for the consumers. The roof top solar power project on public buildings like schools, Sub centre etc. is being done to reduce the dependence on power from fossil fuel.
  • A comprehensive system of collection and disposal of garden as well as household wastes is being put in place. The garden and the green waste will be converted to energy and the non-bio-degradable waste like plastic will be recycled to be used productively.

Energy Efficiency:

  • Various energy efficient equipment like LED bulbs, energy efficient tube wells, fans and other domestic as well as commercial equipment are being installed in the village. Awareness is being created amongst the villagers about the potential saving due to these technologies their environmental benefits. Improved cooking stoves (Choolas), Use of e-rickshaws etc are other products being promoted to reduce dependence on fossil fuel. Selected villagers, especially women, are also being trained in repair and maintenance of energy-efficient devices.

C. EDUCATION AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT

Education

Education and skill development

The initiatives under Education covers all age group i.e. Primary, Secondary, Higher Secondary and beyond. The intervention in education would be in the areas of improving infrastructure, enhancing quality of education and introducing online and Distance learning for contents that cannot be delivered in the schools/colleges in the village. Introducing vocational education in the secondary and higher secondary schools is also being done with the help of National Skill Development Corporation and Government of Haryana.

Infrastructure

All the 5 villages have their school buildings however repair and reconstruction is being done where ever required. An additional room in all the schools which can accommodate about 40 students and equipment for training like computers, projectors etc. is being constructed. These facilities would be used for delivering training to the students/ teachers and other youth of the village by experts from various fields and organizations. In the village of Dhaula, the secondary school is being shifted to new location for which Grampanchayat has resolved to give land. The proposal is going to be sanctioned soon. The building proposed for the secondary school will be constructed from low cost and local material and will be self-sustainable with respect to sewage generation and disposal.

Quality of Education

Teachers in the schools are being trained by experts from various fields to improve the quality of teaching. They will be given exposure to new ways of teaching including introduction to technology in teaching.

Skill Development and Employment

To enhance the economic opportunities for the rural youth, it is imperative that skills relevant to the Industry be given to them. Rashtrapati Bhavan has partnered with National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Ministry of Skill Development (MSDE) for understanding the training needs of the villages and providing quality training focusing on employability to the Youth.

A door to door survey in all the 5 villages has been conducted to assess the status of skill availability, skill gap, aspiration of the youth and skill sets required in the local industry with the help of NSDC. Based on this input, NSDC has assigned training partners to conduct training under PMKVY-2 to the willing youth. A training center has been opened in Udyog Kunj, Alipur, as a central place where these trainings can be conducted. A 5 days training to the village functionaries have been imparted from 9-14th July, 2016. The first batch of training for the security guard will start in the 3rd week of September.

Companies like TCS have also volunteered to train willing youth in IT and related skills and give exposure of industry to them to enhance their employability in the Industry.

A Multi Skill Centre is being planned with the help of Ministry of Skill Development in one of the villages to accelerate the effort of in the field of skill development. For this purpose, the village of Dhaula has already come forward to donate land belonging to Grampanchayat.

D. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

The basic infrastructure in the village in the form of roads, electricity, water supply etc. is being strengthened with the help of government of Haryana and other partner Institutions.

Connectivity

Roads connecting the villages and the internal village roads have been shortlisted for strengthening and repair to provide smooth connectivity. Electricity:

Government of Haryana has sanctioned required funds for upgradation of network infrastructure of electricity distribution to enable 24X7 electricity in the villages and to minimize losses in distribution.

Water supply

The Existing system of pipelines for water supply is being surveyed to suggest changes or replacement. The concept of Water ATM to provide affordable and safe drinking water to the villagers has been introduced. The work on it will start soon.

GRAMALAYA- the village secretariat

GRAMALAYA which would be a building on the lines of village secretariat with adequate space for various common needs of the village like, meeting space, bank, CSC etc has been planned with the use of low- cost and local technology. The construction of these buildings will start soon. All the villages have resolved to donate grampanchayat land for the purpose.

E. SANITATION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT

Sanitation and Waste Management

Sanitation has been one of the problem areas in Indian villages. Due to lack of systems of collection of waste and its disposal, the household as well as green waste can be seen lying in the villages. These dumps result breeding of pathogens leading to diseases. Also use of plastic has resulted in choaking of traditional water drainage systems and filling up of water bodies in the villages.

Drainage and Sewage System

Survey is being conducted to study the existing drainage and sewage system and design better and efficient system. Soon, the drainage and sewage systems will be reconstructed.

Collection and Disposal of waste

An innovative system of collection of household and green waste, its processing and disposal is being implemented in the villages. The waste will be processed to generate energy, compost and other useful by products.

Swachha Gaon

The district administration, gram panchayat and other non-government organizations are actively engaged in working with the villagers to achieve the goal of declaring the 5 villages as Open Defecation Free Villages. The toilets are being constructed in the residences without toilets and people are being made aware about its benefits.

F. AGRICULTURE AND DAIRY DEVELOPMENT:

Agriculture and dairy development

Rejuvenation of Rural economy cannot be achieved without making agriculture and related activities efficient, profitable and sustainable. NIFTEM, NDRI and KVK have come forward to adopt the 5 villages and take various initiatives in the field of agriculture and dairy development in these villages. A village development Plan has been prepared for all the villages by the team from NIFTEM outlining the current status and action plan for future. This includes:

  • Creation of awareness among farmers about Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Good Harvesting Practices (GHP) through campaign and demonstration
  • Analyze the present Cropping pattern and develop strategies for sustainable cropping pattern in the village
  • Promote high yielding variety of major crops such as wheat, mustered, maize, jawar and bazra
  • Promotion of organic farming
  • Promotion of cultivation of cash crops
  • Training in the field of processing of agricultural and dairy products to enable value addition and create entrepreneurs amongst the youth

G. SERVICES

Common service Centre

Common Service Centers have been opened in all the five villages with the help of CSC-SPV. The online platform being provided by CSC would offer services like, banking, Adhaar Registration, Application for various certificates from the District Administration etc. It would also provide opportunity to the Students for various online courses and contents and useful information. CSC works on financial model. It will provide services like Wi-Fi to the village at affordable cost, telemedicine etc to sustain and earn income through it. Dhaula has become the first village to have Wi-Fi in the entire village on 28th August.

Partner Departments/ Organizations

S.No. Name of the Department/Organisation
1. Government of Haryana
2. District Administration, Gurgaon
3. District Administration, Mewat
4. Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (DHBVN)
5. Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gurgaon
6. NITI Aayog
7. Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India
8. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India
9. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India
10. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
11. Rural Electrification Corporation
12. 3 R Management
13. All India Institute of Medical Sciences
14. CSCSPV
15. Energy Efficient Service Limited
16. Falcon Force Pvt. Ltd.
17. Greenjobs SSC
18. Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
19. HUDCO
20. I Spirit
21. IIT, Delhi
22. INA Energy Pvt. Ltd.
23. Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO)
24. Karma Clinic
25. Max Life Insurance
26. National Building Construction Corporation
27. National Dairy Research Institute
28. National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM)
29. National Skill Development Corporation
30. Prashak Techno Enterprises
31. School of Planning & Architecture, Delhi
32. Step Ahead Foundation Security Training
33. Tata Power Delhi Distribution Limited
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